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Friday, October 15, 2010

Ubuntu Ultimate 2.8 Installation instructions



BASIC SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS


30GB Free Space
512MB RAM
P4 or Higher Processor




This post describes the step by step installation instructions for Ubuntu Ultimate 2.8 or Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat DVD


If you are already using windows follow the instructions in the following post first...

http://conquer-ur-computer.blogspot.com/2010/12/preparing-windows-to-install-ubuntu.html

You can download Ubuntu Ultimate 2.8 DVD from

http://sourceforge.net/projects/ultimateedition/files/

Put the live CD/DVD into drive and restart system and select boot from CD/DVD... Then

Select "Try Ubuntu"

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FOR RE FORMATTING CRASHED LINUX SYSTEM GO DOWN TILL YOU FIND CRASHED LINUX SYSTEM BELOW IN THIS POST....
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Open "System --> Administration --> Gparted Partition Editor"

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If you are using windows already and formatted a drive for Linux go below a few images (till mentioned) for further details...

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See the used space for OS drive...

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Select Resize/Move

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Select the new size as 10GB more than used space.. Otherwise it will not work..

Remember you have to enter space required in MB ie; for 80GB ---> 80000 MB



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Now select Resize/Move. The new gparted structure will look like this...
This procedure not only applies for c-drive but also any drive which you want to resize... and then install Linux.


If you are using windows and formatted a drive for Linux, the partition table will look like this. You can start from HERE.

http://i53.tinypic.com/2nar479.png
Now Right click on "Unallocated" space to create new partition...


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One can create at most 4-Primary partitions or 3-Primary and one "Extended partition".
One can not sub-divide a primary partition. Where as one can make any number of sub-partitions in an extended partition.

Since here already three primary partitions has been created, One should create now an extended partition.
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Now the partition table will look like this
http://i51.tinypic.com/j9x63d.png


Now one can make any number of partitions inside this extended partition.
IF YOU DON'T WANT TO INSTALL LINUX, CREATE ONLY NTFS PARTITIONS HERE
ie; GO DIRECTLY TO C)
If Windows is already partitioned and you want to install in a free space already left in windows with out formatting, you need to do only partitions required for linux. ie; steps a), b) only..


If windows is already partitioned and you want to install in an empty drive, first you have to right click on it and delete in gparted and then follow steps a), b)...









a)

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Now create partitions required for linux installation.

The sub-partitions inside an extended-partition are named as "Logical Partitions"

Ubuntu Ultimate 2.8 requires 20GB for root " / " partition, 10-20GB for home " /home " and 2-4GB for "linux-swap"

The swap area should be at least 4MB more than ram (1GB=1024MB) and in general minimum value for it is 2000MB (ie; for 1GB ram systems).
ie for 1GB ram ---> 2000MB linux-swap
for 2gb ram ---> 2048+4MB linux-swap
for 4GB ram ---> 4096+4MB linux-swap etc...


Let us see how to make these partitions.
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the file system for root and home partitions should be of "ext4"


b)

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Similarly right click on the remaining "Unallocated" space and create one more "ext4" partition for "home" as explained above.
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Now create partition for "linux-swap"
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C)

Now divide the remaining space into "NTFS" partitions, so that they can be used simultaneously in windows also.


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Here i have made two NTFS partitions of 80GB and 83GB with labels ---> ENTERTAINMENT and PERSONAL.
One can create any number of these NTFS sub-partitions with different labels depending on space available and extra drives required in windows.


The final partition table will look like this.
http://i52.tinypic.com/6h28o9.png


Now click on "Apply" To apply all the changes that we have made to the partition table.

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The final partition table should look like this.

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Here in the final partition table the partition sizes have been readjusted before clicking "Apply"
Now close the "Partition editor"

IF YOU JUST WANT TO RESIZE THE C DRIVE AND DON'T WANT TO INSTALL LINUX RESTART THE SYSTEM AT THIS STAGE and remove linux dvd and use windows.

Now the system is ready for instlling ubuntu.


Now click on "Install Ubuntu 10.10" icon on the desktop
FOR RE FORMATTING CRASHED LINUX SYSTEM START FROM HERE....

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Click on "Install Ubuntu 10.10" on the desktop



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Select the two options:


1) Download updates while installing (if you have internet connection)

2) Install this third party software


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Select "Specify partitions manually (advanced)"

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Select "Specify partitions manually (advanced)"






Now select on the first "ext4" partition which we have created for "root' partition and click on change.



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Now make the following changes...


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One has to make 3 changes...
1) change Use as: ---> Ext4 journaling file system
2) Format the partition: Select the tick mark check box
3) Mount point: Select it as " / " from the drop down menu.

Click on OK

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Now select the second "Ext4" partition that we have created for "home" partition and click on "Change"





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Now make the following three changes as shown below.


1) Use as: Ext4 journaling file system
2) Format the partition: Select the tick mark check box.
(For crashed system DON'T SELECT FORMAT option for /home partition)

3) Mount point: Select "/home" from the drop down menu.

Click on OK

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The final partition table will look like this:




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Now click on "Forward" in the installation window.


After that one will see


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Select India (Or your country) from the world map... (For your time zone)


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Select keyboard layout


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Next one can create "User name" and password.

The "user name" should contain only "alphabets, numbers, Underscore( _ )". Remaining special characters including hyphen ( - ) are not allowed.





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Password strength will be "week" if it has only "Alphabets". It will be "fair" if password contains "alphabets and numbers"
The strength will be "strong" if the password contains "Alphabets, Numbers, Special characters"





The name of the computer will be usually "user name-desktop" or "user name-laptop" otherwise one can choose their own..
Default option will be "Require my password to log in" one can choose "log in automatically"

Don't choose the third option "Require my password to log in and to decrypt my home folder" unless you know exactly what you are doing.


Click on "Forward"


Don't select "Migrate Documents and Settings" It will be dangerous. Just click on "Forward"
Click on "Forward"




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Restart the system after installation finishes...
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After installation one may need to do the following settings...

For Desktop Icons :-



press Alt+F2 and enter "gconf-editor" and click on "Run"
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Click on the arrow mark before "apps" and expand the tab... In that select "nautilus" and in that "desktop"

http://i52.tinypic.com/6jlkk6.png
Select what ever system icons you want to see on your desktop. like "Computer icon visible", "home icon visible" "trash icon visible"

Better don't select "network icon visible'', "volumes visible"

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To Mount windows NTFS drives in Linux :-
Open "Ntfs Configuration Tool" from "System --> Administration --> Ntfs Configuration Tool"



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You will see a window like this:
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To know which is what drive open "System --> Administration --> Gparted Partition Editor"


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"Enter a mount point"




You can write any name without spaces.. (just the name) and press "Enter"
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The system will automatically select the prefix "/media/" finally you will see..
http://i56.tinypic.com/34yoc4i.png


Select ok and close the window..
Behind that you will see "Ntfs Write support configuration tool"
Select the two options...
"Enable write support for external device"
"Enable write support for internal device"

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Then click on "Close"

With this you will get read, write support for all windows drives including C drive. These drives can be accessed from Computer icon..

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For Proxy Settings :-


Proxy settings has to be done in 3 areas...

1)

press Alt+F2 Then you will see a box asking for "Run Application". Inside that type the following command


gksudo gedit /etc/apt/apt.conf

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Enter the following details as it is, then save and close.
Here user ---> is proxy user name (your roll number modified for network access)
password ---> is your password for network access.

Acquire::http::Proxy "http://user_name:password@10.0.0.21:3128";
Acquire::ftp::Proxy "http://user_name:password@10.0.0.21:3128";
Acquire::https::Proxy "http://user_name:password@10.0.0.21:3128";

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2)



Now again press Alt+F2 and enter

gksudo gedit /etc/profile.d/proxy.sh

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Enter the following things and save and close.

for example:

export http_proxy=http://username:password@10.0.0.21:3128
export ftp_proxy=http://username:password@10.0.0.21:3128
export all_proxy=http://username:password@10.0.0.21:3128
export https_proxy=http://username:password@10.0.0.21:3128
export no_proxy=localhost,127.0.0.1

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3)


Again press Alt+F2 and enter the following

gksudo gedit /etc/wgetrc

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The file will look like this...

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Now enter the following things at the end of the file and save and close.

for example:

http_proxy=http://username:password@10.0.0.21:3128
ftp_proxy=http://password:password@10.0.0.21:3128
https_proxy=http://username:password@10.0.0.21:3128
no_proxy=localhost,127.0.0.1

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Now one need to edit the software sources list

Press Alt+F2 and type

gksudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

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The file will look like this.



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Search for #deb and #deb-src and delete the # symbol before deb
Don't delete the # symbol before deb cdrom


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The final file should look like this. You may need to remove four times # symbol. Now save it and close.


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NOW RESTART THE SYSTEM..

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Now the system is ready with all proxy settings and ready to install any software.



The next setting is only for ubuntu 2.8 alpha2 version

press Alt+F2 and enter

gksudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list.d/xbmc.sources.list

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The file will look like this

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remove "karmic-ppa/" the final file will look like this. Now save it and close.


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Installing new softwares :-


For this one need to open "synaptic package manager"

It will be in System --> Administration --> Synaptic Package Manafer"

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Now one will see this. Click on "Close"

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Now click on "Reload"

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Now type any package that you want to install in "Quick Search" box...

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Now right click on the package exactly you want and select "mark for installation"


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Select "Mark" additional changes if asked...

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then click on "Apply"

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A summary of the new changes will look like this. Click on "Apply"

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Now the system will download the packages..

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Then it will install..

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If installation is success you will see this..

If it is success.. click on "Close"

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Now one can see a tick mark before "vlc" in the synaptic package manager like this..

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One can install any software available in the above list as described...


TO UPDATE SOFTWARE PACKAGES ALREADY INSTALLED :-

Open Synaptic package manager from System --> Administration --> Synaptic Package Manager


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Now click on "Reload"

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Then click on "Mark All Upgrades"


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A summary of the new changes will look like this. Click on "Apply"

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Now the system will download the packages..

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Then it will install..

http://i52.tinypic.com/2qsa2p2.png

If installation is success you will see this..

If it is success.. click on "Close"

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For Dock Settings :-


Click on "System --> Preferences --> Awn Settings"

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Select "Start Awn Automatically"

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In addition make the following changes..

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You will see the dock like this...

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Enjoy...






Please give your valuable comment for further improvement...

2 comments:

  1. Hai Sanjeev, it is amazing..... wondroful work.
    keep it up. Really it rocks!!!

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thank you so much for sharing such a detailed step by step to the linux installation. It helped me to get through all the steps easily and recover my system files.

    ReplyDelete